The Culture of Siri Na Pacce Bugis-Makassar in South-Sulawesi

In the Social and Culture in South-Sulawesi, it’s known the term of Siri and Pacce (Siri Na Pacce). This culture is ingrained in the culture of the community in South-Sulawesi. It will appear in the form of character or personality of the people in South Sulawesi. Although in their development, the cultural of Siri Na Pacce identified as the Bugis-Makassar culture,  but the fact that this culture also has become a culture for all tribes in South-Sulawesi, such as Toraja and Mandar tribe and other tribes. What distinguishes it is only in terms of his vocabulary (language). While the ideological and philosophical have in common in interacting with existing community, wherever and whenever they are.


A Bugis proverb says that Siri'mi Narituo. It’s meant that "we can survive because of feelings of shame". Siri na Pacce is something so glorified in the Bugis-Makassar and other communities in South-Sulawesi. Therefore, this culture has become the core of the culture in South-Sulawesi. Culture has also been a source of inspiration and guidance in taking their lives.

The concept of culture Siri na Pacce is a concept of cultural in South Sulawesi with a high noble values. Honesty, commitment, intelligence, policy and uphold the human dignity, the achievement, putting obligations first than the rights, shame, has high solidarity and forward are a part of the culture concept of Siri na Pacce.
The concept of siri na pace in South Sulawesi Culture is generally divided into four basic frameworks, namely:
(1) Getteng: sticking to the establishment or have a high commitment,
(2) Lempu: honesty or trustworthy,
(3) Acca / Macca: Smart and easy to understand something, and
(4) Warani: high courage to do things in accordance with the principles of truth and honesty.
If any man can apply four of the concepts, it will be a fully human.

Beside those concepts mentioned above. Some humanists called siri na pacce Culture in South-Sulawesi in two things:

(1) Siri 'Ripakasiri, meaning embarrassed for humiliated.

In The Culture of South-Sulawesi, especially the culture of Bugis-Makassar, ripakasiri / nipakasiri (shame) is the loss of honor, dignity or self-esteem from a community perspective. They will be ostracized or shunned from society interaction. To restore their honor back, fighting or dying in the battle is the last way to be taken. Dying in the battle is dying with dignity in the culture of South-Sulawesi.

(2) siri 'masiri', meaning embarrassed because they feel ashamed.

This concept is related to prestige in society. It’s higher one's position or occupation, then he will be given a higher respect from society. The concept of Siri’ Masiri is usually carry the family name, or groups in the community. In Bugis proverb said that "narekko sompe 'ko, aja' muancaji ana’ guru, ancaji ponggawako". It’s meant that “if you wander into the land, you should not be a subordinate, but you have to be a leader”.

(Brur AA, Makassar Oktober 2012)

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