Knowing The Dialect of Bugis Language on South Sulawesi

The Heaven of South Sulawesi (Sulawesi Selatan)
(S1) Maelo ki jokka tega, p’le?
(S2) Melo’ki jokka tega, je?
(S3) Elo ki lao kenna, le?
(S4) Elo ki lao kenna, lo?

If we translate the sentences above into English Language, it will be like this “Where will you go?”. These sentences are four dialect of bugis language from different place on South Sulawesi with a different way to pronounce it. The first sentence is a dialect of Bone Regency, the second is dialect of Soppeng Regency, the third is dialect of Sinjai Regency and the last is dialect of Camba on Maros Regency.
How to know the variant of this dialect? Looks again the four sentences above, then see the sentences below.  Find the different of these sentences.

(S1)    Maelo’    ki    jokka    tega,       p’le?
(S2)    Melo’      ki    jokka    tega,       je?
(S3)    Elo’         ki     lao       kenna,     le?
(S4)    Elo’         ki     lao       kenna,     lo?
           W1        W2    W3      W4      W5

Note:     S (sentence), W (word)
W1 has meaning ‘want’
W2 has meaning ‘you (more polite)
W3 has meaning ‘go’
W4 has meaning ‘where’
W5 has no meaning

On the W1, we can see the word(s) like this: Maelo (S1W1), Melo (S2W1), Elo (S3W1 and S4W1). These are from the original word Elo (want). In S1W1 and S2W1, this word is preceded by ‘ma’ (ma + elo). Ma is a prefix on Bugis or Makassar language. It has meaning ‘to make, making’. But in this word, ma is only act to make strong the word of Elo.  There are a different of these, S1W1 is pronounced in full form and S2W1 is not. In S2W1, there are a omission of letter (a) : ma + elo -->  maelo. On S3W1 and S4W1 only use the original form of the word. From this we can know that there are three ways to pronounce the word elo (Maelo, melo and Elo). Can we decided where are the dialect form? It’s still ambiguity. S1W1, S2W1, S3W1 and S4W1 is generally spoken by all Bugis Ethnics. But S3W1 or S4W1 is more used dominantly in Camba-Maros and Sinjai.
Next, on W2 (the word ‘ki’). All Bugis using this word on their daily conversation.  Ki has meaning ‘us’ (the polite form of word ko). This is used to speak with the older people.  It’s still not help to much. And then, we go to W3 and W4. In here, there is a clearance from the dialect. The word Jokka and Tega  is used in Bone and Soppeng. Meanwhile Lao and Kenna is used in Camba-Maros and Sinjai. 
And the last word W5, this is the unique word used on specific area. From here, now, we can separated them into their local dialect. S1W5, Ple, This word is only find on Bone Regency. S2W5, je, This is only found on Soppeng Regency. S3W5, le, and it is only spoken by Sinjai Society. And the last, lo, this is a dialect from Camba-Maros. And now, we can know where are the sentences from. Every area has his own features. The sentences above just the sample to know some dialect of Bugis Language in South Sulawesi. Beside that, to know the dialect of bugis language, the easy way is by hearing directly to the speaker. They have a different way to speak in conversation.

(Brur AA, Makassar 2012)

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Melo kilo tegah? Where are you going.
Lo ke mai yolo! Megateh ko! Come here quickly!
Lisu ke bolai. Go home.
Megah bose melopo. Tigagah majamah. It is raining heavily. There is no work.
Sedhi kacha wai di tivi. Bring me a glass of water.


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